Immigrating in a Family Reunion Process in Canada

Image module

Family reunification is an important part of immigration law. And that is why family reunification in Canada allows, depending on the relationship you have with a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, to select you to the extent possible to become a permanent resident and eventually a Canadian citizen. Relationships to consider include:

  • Spouses, common-law and conjugal partners;
  • A dependent child, a child adopted abroad or for adoption in Canada;
  • Orphaned brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces, grandsons or granddaughters, under certain conditions established by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC);
  • Any other member of your family, in a very specific context.

Once you have determined that you fall into one of these relationship categories, there are now certain requirements that must be met by both the sponsor and the sponsored party in order to successfully begin the sponsorship process.

Sponsorship of a spouse or common-law partner in the process of family reunification in Canada

The spouse or common-law partner class is a subsection of the family class in Canada. Citizens or permanent residents, under this program, may have the opportunity to sponsor their spouse provided certain conditions are met by both the sponsor and the sponsored person.

Sponsorship criteria in this category

Regarding the sponsor (the sponsor):

  • He/she must be at least 18 years old;
  • He or she must be a Canadian permanent resident or citizen;
  • He or she must not be detained, an undischarged bankrupt, under a removal order (if a permanent resident) or convicted of a serious offence; and
  • He or she must not have been sponsored in Canada by a spouse in the last 5 years.

With respect to the sponsored party:

  • Must be at least 16 years of age; and
  • He or she must not be related to the sponsor by blood.

For this category there are external and internal sponsorships

Sponsorship of a parent or grandparent

There are certain criteria to consider when sponsoring a parent or grandparent.

Regarding the respondent:

  • An agreement must be signed by the sponsor and his/her parents, whereby the sponsor agrees to provide for the financial needs of the person he/she is sponsoring, if necessary.
  • He or she must commit to providing financial support to the parent or grandparent being sponsored and to dependents, if any. This commitment is for a period of 20 years. The time limit begins on the day the parent or grandparent becomes a permanent resident.
  • Must have an income at or above the minimum income threshold for this program.

Sponsorship of a dependent child

Regarding the respondent:

  • He/she must be at least 18 years old;
  • He or she must be a Canadian permanent resident or citizen;


Regarding the child:

  • Must be under 22 years of age and single; or
  • He or she must have been a student since the age of 22 and financially dependent on his or her parent since that age; or have been a student since that age or;
  • He/she must be 22 years of age or older and have never been able to be financially self-sufficient before the age of 22 due to a physical or mental condition.

Note that the dependent child may be a biological or adopted child.

Pour de plus amples informations sur le processus veuillez-nous contacter